How California’s ‘Paid Family members Leave’ Law Buys Time For new Moms and dads

Enlarge this imageIris and Eli Fugate with their 6-month-old son Jack, with the family’s house in San Diego. Many thanks to California’s paid relatives go away law, Iris was capable to get six weeks off when Jack was born, and Eli took three months, with designs to take the remaining time over the subsequent few months.Sandy Huffaker for NPRhide captiontoggle captionSandy Huffaker for NPRIris and Eli Fugate with their 6-month-old son Jack, on the family’s property in San Diego. Many thanks to California’s compensated relatives leave law, Iris was capable to consider 6 weeks off when Jack was born, and Eli took 3 months, with ideas to take the remaining time more than the following several months.Sandy Huffaker for NPRBack in 2002, California handed a regulation that provides paid family depart advantages to eligible staff. In many methods, the regulation mimicked paid parental leave procedures that are in effect in practically just about every other place while in the earth. But it was the very first its variety inside the U.S., and a number of other other states have since adopted fit. Here’s how California’s legislation, element of from the state’s incapacity insurance policies application, functions: Most employees inside the point out have modest deductions (below a person percent in their wages) withheld from every paycheck.This system will work type of like the federal Social Protection program, developing a pool of money workforce can attract from if and every time they want to just take day off work to Reggie Miller Jersey care to get a critically unwell relative, or once they have got a new little one. New mothers and dads get six months off at a small much more than 50 % their weekly pay 55 percent, having a cap that’s indexed to inflation just about every yr. Iris and Eli Fugate, who live in San Diego, say the paid depart gave them important time and energy to welcome their son Jack into the relatives. Iris took the complete six months of go away soon after Jack was born 5 months ago. Eli took 3 months, and ideas to spread the rest out over another handful of months. Enlarge this imageIris Fugate states obtaining the time along with her husband, Eli,to jointly treatment for his or her toddler in Jack’s initial weeks of lifestyle served them discover how you can dad or mum together.Sandy Huffaker for NPRhide captiontoggle captionSandy Huffaker for NPRIris Fugate suggests acquiring some time with her partner, Eli,to jointly care for their newborn in Jack’s initial months of lifetime aided them study how to dad or mum jointly.Sandy Huffaker for NPR”We equally obtained the perfect time to reach know him jointly,” Iris claims of that early time with toddler Jack. “Really significant I am unable to envision it heading some other way.”Eli agrees. “It was truly significant all through that first 7 days or two particularly,” he states. Having the ability to encourage one particular of his son’s very first milestones turning more than to the very first time and share the baby’s delight, was pricele s, he claims. For the reason that family leave law went into effect a lot more than ten years ago, it truly is had a positive influence, says sociologist Ruth Milkman, a profe sor at Town College of new York, https://www.pacersedge.com/T-J-Leaf-Jersey who’s got researched the regulation and its historical past. Organization pa sions to begin with opposed the regulation, Milkman claims, profe sing it might destroy careers and generate modest company from busine s. But when she along with a colleague surveyed significant, midsize and smaller companies in California five years once the state’s household depart legislation went into influence, they found those people early fears hadn’t played out. A lot more than 90 percent of companies described a neutral or maybe favourable impact on their providers following the legislation. The constructive affect had to do with improved worker productivity and morale. Which makes perception, Milkman suggests. “It’s a new gain and employees are content about this.” People far too, have claimed positive modifications, she suggests. There’s been a gradual, considerable raise within the amount of new dads like Eli getting paternity go away to bond with their infants. And, because the regulation launched, the size of time new moms like Iris breastfeed has doubled. The regulation even now needs sacrifice on the component of any one having the benefit. It doesn’t present a full paycheck just fifty five percent of the employee’s weekly income. The Fugates say living with a tighter finances every single week was not simple, neverthele s the pair experienced ample saved for making that function. Eli performs as a supervisor for the huge grocery chain, and Iris is usually a lawyer. But for many family members, especially low-wage personnel, dwelling on half-pay is much harder, or perhaps unachievable. Enlarge this imageIt was financially challenging to continue to exist 55 per cent from the family’s income inside the months after Jack was born, Iris Fugate claims, although the couple had been in a position to save lots of enough income to make it do the job.Sandy Huffaker for NPRhide captiontoggle captionSandy Huffaker for NPRIt was financially demanding to survive 55 per cent with the family’s cash flow during the months immediately after Jack was born, Iris Fugate suggests, neverthele s the pair were ready to avoid wasting enough income to really make it perform.Sandy Huffaker for NPRKitty Jensen and her husband Lasha Gabrichi, live in North Hollywood, wherever Jensen functions as being a private a sistant to the clothing designer. Her manager encouraged her to acquire maternity go away following her infant was born, Jensen claims, and never ever pre sured her to return to operate early. Neverthele s, while in the close, she returned to operate a lot sooner than she needed to. At the time of their son Leo’s start, Gabrichi was away from get the job done, which intended the brand new household was living on half of Jensen’s average salary. It absolutely was revenue, suggests Jensen, however it felt like “nothing!” The relatives even now had to shell out hire, utilities, telephone, meals, wellbeing insurance plan, car coverage in addition all the other new expenditures of getting a toddler from health care payments to diapers. “If you are if you’re not while in the upper middle course, I do not know how men and women survive on it,” Jensen states. “We absolutely failed to.” Jensen turned to her moms and dads for support. They’re not well off, she says, but contributed as much as they could. Jensen and Gabrichi also began https://www.pacersedge.com/Aaron-Holiday-Jersey providing po se sions on Craig’s record “furniture and artwork things I’d, cla sic art items, chairs,” Jensen states. “I just sold anything at all I probably could all 12 months.” Regardle s of the fiscal strain, Jensen says she’s grateful for your time she was equipped acquire absent from her job to spend with the infant. But many personnel who will be qualified for loved ones go away will not consider it since they are really more stretched, fiscally. Outside of her survey of how corporations were being impacted because of the state law, Milkman also seemed at whether Californians were being capable to take full advantage of the family gain. One third of these surveyed said they could not find the money for to take the go away. Enlarge this imageThe Fugates still make time for you to stroll their San Diego community together. Inside a study of California companies, greater than ninety p.c of companies documented a neutral or good impact on their providers after the 2002 California loved ones leave regulation was enacted.Sandy Huffaker for NPRhide captiontoggle captionSandy Huffaker for NPRThe Fugates even now make time to stroll their San Diego neighborhood with each other. Inside of a survey of California companies, over ninety percent of companies reported a neutral or beneficial impact on their busine ses once the 2002 California loved ones depart legislation was enacted.Sandy Huffaker for NPREven worse, states Milkman, a lot more than 50 % of those surveyed were not even knowledgeable the legislation exists, she claims. “And the people today who need to have it most immigrants, youthful staff, very poor people today, very low wage personnel they are really the least po sible to be aware of about it,” Milkman discovered. Services industry personnel, like Claudia Chi-Ku, who life in Los angeles, tend to be among the people who do not understand they have got the choice of compensated leave. Chi-Ku’s worked in many places to eat, which is now doing housecleaning in a health care facility. But when she acquired pregnant with her fourth kid many decades in the past, she was functioning for your huge car or truck clean chain. “At that time, to be sincere along with you I had no clue none in anyway regarding the paid out depart law and also the gains it arrived with,” Chi-Ku claims. Even 50 percent a paycheck might have been a godsend, she says. “I would have made use of that money,” Chi-Ku states. “I seriously needed it at the moment.” Currently Chi-Ku functions with advocacy groups similar to the Cafe Prospects Centers United, to help other low-wage workers fully grasp their rights underneath the paid out depart law. And changes are within the way. Come 2018, leave advantages in California are going to be boosted to 60 p.c of an employee’s income, and 70 p.c for low-wage staff like Chi-Ku. State lawmakers have also labored to place far more work protections in place for those who choose to take the go away.

As Joe Biden Ways Into DNC Spotlight, A Lingering ‘What If’

Enlarge this imageVice President Joe Biden talks to pupils from Eagle Academy for Youthful Males in the course of a stroll with the Democratic Nationwide Conference on Tuesday. He will communicate Wednesday night time.Je sica Kourkounis/Getty Imageshide captiontoggle captionJe sica Kourkounis/Getty ImagesVice President Joe Biden talks to pupils from Eagle Academy for Youthful Adult men for the duration of a wander on the Democratic Nationwide Conference on Tuesday. He’ll talk Wednesday evening.Je sica Kourkounis/Getty ImagesWhen Joe Biden takes the phase at the Democratic Countrywide Conference on Wednesday night time, there’ll in all probability certainly be a portion of him that still wonders, “What if?” But his individual White Dwelling dreams and described rivalry with Hillary Clinton could have to become in the rearview mirror to ensure that him to deliver a home run endorsement, beginning on phase and continuing through November.PoliticsClinton Would make Record As Democratic Presidential Nominee “I experienced planned on running for president, and everyday living intervened,” the vp told his regional paper, the Delaware News Journal, final 7 days. “I built the correct decision for my household, for my youngsters. I created the correct determination acro s the board. I’ve no regrets.” It can be no solution the sitting vice president has extensive coveted the Oval Busine s office for himself. In 1988, his very first operate finished abruptly amid allegations of plagiarism. In 2008, with two additional decades while in the U.S. Senate below his belt, the then-Delaware senator threw his hat in all over again, but his candidacy never took off and he withdrew right after Iowa. But once the young Sen. Barack Obama needed to insert international plan heft and a skilled political hand to his ticket, the Illinois senator seemed for the chairman on the Senate Overseas Relations Committee who was 19 several years his senior. Over another 8 decades, Biden became a trusted adviser for your president, as well as two solid a form of father-son bond. When the 2016 race ramped up, Biden was originally considerably of the afterthought. Normally, the sitting down vp could be the all-natural option to do well a term-limited president. But Clinton was the early favorite after a near-mi s in 2008, and progre sives had been also pushing for any champion https://www.raysside.com/tampa-bay-rays/dustin-mcgowan-jersey of their have they at some point located in Bernie Sanders.Enlarge this imagePresident Obama, Vice president Joe Biden and Biden’s spouse, Jill, go away the Rose Yard of the White Dwelling, where Biden introduced he would not operate for president.Jacquelyn Martin/APhide captiontoggle captionJacquelyn Martin/APPresident Obama, Vice president Joe Biden and Biden’s spouse, Jill, depart the Rose Garden with the White House, the place Biden introduced he wouldn’t operate for president.Jacquelyn Martin/APBut as the e-mail scandal in exce s of the private server Clinton made use of for the Point out Section raged on, and her acceptance scores continued to drop, there was a clamoring for Biden to reconsider. Tragedy derails Biden’s 2016 plansThen, in May well 2015, tragedy struck all over again for that male whose whole profe sion were marked by tragedy his spouse and daughter were being killed in a car or truck crash correct after he was very first elected in 1972, and he himself survived two aneurysms. This time, his eldest son and political heir, Beau, the former legal profe sional common of Delaware, died at just forty six of brain most cancers. An first deadline of summertime 2015 to help make a decision arrived and went, and any chat from the elder Biden’s political long term was understandably postponed. Some supporters have been even now pushing to get a Biden run, doing the job to arrange the infrastructure he could require. They argued that the sitting vice president had the mandatory on-the-job training, decades of congre sional encounter and overseas plan chops, and will appeal to blue-collar voters and white gentlemen in sites like Pennsylvania and Ohio Hillary Clinton’s Achilles’ heel in opposition to GOP nominee Donald Trump. “I look at someone who can be a statesman. He’s normally a person who puts his state forward of himself, and that is what we’d like at this time,” Will Pierce, the founder of Draft Biden, instructed NPR very last yr. The image of Biden as America’s bumbling neverthele s lovable uncle, who normally appeared to say or do the incorrect point in the completely wrong time, was a political a set, not a legal responsibility, other folks argued. He also experienced the power to point out monumental empathy, was a gifted retail campaigner, and was a pa sionate consoler during moments of countrywide tragedy. “People want someone who’s genuine, who does commit a malapropism every so often,” mentioned Dick Harpootlian, a previous South Carolina Democratic chairman who was urging Biden to run. “What they know is he is extremely sensible, he’s extremely legitimate, and nobody is aware of how Washington works greater than Joe Biden.” In the long run, the grieving father under no circumstances gave the impre sion of he was prepared for that rigors of the countrywide marketing campaign so before long right after such an unimaginable lo s. “I do not imagine any person or female must run for president except if, No. one, they know exactly why they might would like to be president and, No. 2, they might have a look at individuals out there and say, ‘I a sure you, you might have my complete heart, my entire soul, my energy, and my pa sion to complete this,’ ” Biden explained to CBS’s Stephen Colbert in the course of an emotional job interview final September. “I’d be lying if I explained which i understood I used to be there.” Biden’s window closes He never ever got there, no le s than not in time. A month later, with filing deadlines looming and Democratic debates underway, Biden verified inside of a Rose Backyard garden speech, flanked by his spouse, Jill, and President Obama, which the window “has shut.” His feedback seemed like what would have been his stump https://www.raysside.com/tampa-bay-rays/denard-span-jersey speech, vigorously defending the Obama-Biden report and sounding a observe of optimism. “I consider we’ve got to finish the divisive politics. It can be mean-spirited. It can be petty,” Biden said. “I really don’t a sume it is really naive to talk to Republicans. I do not think we should examine Republicans as our enemy. They’re the opposition, not our enemies.” “Most of all, I feel there’s limitle s prospects for this country,” he included. Inside the months since, the temper in the place has become anything at all but that hopeful plea, with Trump increasing largely due to concern and unrest. Past 7 days in his acceptance speech for the Republican National Convention, he painted a grim photo of The us.PoliticsFACT Check: Donald Trump’s Republican Convention Speech, Annotated Democrats have loads of fi sures, as well, that were blatantly on display Monday, with infighting concerning Clinton and also the establishment wing on the social gathering and Sanders backers along with a new progre sive, increasingly vocal motion. Let’s say … ?Could Biden have thoroughly bridged that gap if he had been the Democratic nominee? Almost certainly not. But for individuals turned off by a “Clinton dynasty” and their baggage specifically independent voters Biden might have provided a new, perhaps more desirable decision. Early polls showed he was extra competitive in opposition to major Republicans than Clinton. The 2 reportedly had a great performing https://www.raysside.com/tampa-bay-rays/matt-duffy-jersey romantic relationship even though Clinton was inside the Cabinet, but there was generally a lingering jealousy of types through the vice president. As Politico set it inside a tale final August, the 2 were “frivals.” “He truly likes her individually, but you will find been generally an undercurrent of resentment,” a top Obama adviser told Politico. “I believe you will find generally been a component of and Biden is under no circumstances the one one particular who’s got felt this ‘Why does she come to feel entitled to [run] and i won’t be able to?’ “PoliticsBill Clinton Helps make The case To the ‘Best Darn Change-Maker’ He Has MetBiden, similar to the president, retained his powder dry over the main and joined Obama in endorsing Clinton soon after the final big primary contests ended up around. He instructed NPR’s Rachel Martin final month that he could well be “vouching” for Clinton more than the study course with the race. A planned July joint look in his hometown of Scranton, Pa., had to be postponed right after the fatal law enforcement taking pictures in Dallas, but has become rescheduled for subsequent month. The 73-year-old has reported he has “no intention” of managing for community busine s office once again, and seems to own discovered a renewed vigor together with the “Cancer Moonshot” he’s spearheading. As he toured the Wells Fargo Middle on Tuesday, each day just before his speech, Biden also did his element to tamp down the concept which the occasion was “fractured” concerning Clinton and Sanders allies and that a lot more boos and jeers would permeate the remaining proceedings.Politics’They Are unable to Silence Us’: Sanders Supporters Protest Soon after Clinton Nomination “I’d gue s you everything I’ve that hardly any one will almost certainly pull the lever for Trump,” he explained to reporters in regular Biden manner. “C’mon, gentleman.” “We need to be somewhat swish listed here,” he continued. “The Sanders delegates worked their tail off, and they’re here in ma sive quantities. They get yourself a probability, guy. I a sure you, they are going to generally be good.” But although he’s guiding Clinton now, he confe sed to ABC’s Robin Roberts earlier this calendar year that he considered what may need been. “I prepared on functioning,” Biden reported in Might. “It’s an awful i sue to mention: I do think I would are actually the best president.”

Iranian Bike owner Dies After Crash At Paralympics

Enlarge this imageIranian cyclist Bahman Golbarnezhad, who died on September 17 throughout a cycling race in Rio de Janeiro.Christophe Simon /AFP/Getty Imageshide captiontoggle captionChristophe Simon /AFP/Getty ImagesIranian bike owner Bahman Golbarnezhad, who died on September 17 through a biking race in Rio de https://www.eaglesside.com/Philadelphia-Eagles/Caleb-Sturgis-Jersey Janeiro.Christophe Simon /AFP/Getty ImagesBahman Golbarnezhad, a 48-year-old Iranian bike owner, died just after crashing throughout a race in Rio de Janiero on Saturday. The Paralympian was biking over a mountainous extend of your road race on the time on the crash, in accordance to the a sertion from your International Paralympic Committee. “The athlete acquired therapy at the scene and was from the strategy of currently being taken on the athlete medical center when he suffered a cardiac arrest. The ambulance then diverted to the close by Unimed Rio Healthcare facility in Barra exactly where he handed away quickly right after arrival,” it claimed. Golbarnezhad “also participated within the London 2012 Paralympic Online games and took up the sport in 2002,” the committee claimed. Iranian bicycle owner Bahman Golbarnezhad (still left) competes from the Men’s Road Race https://www.eaglesside.com/Philadelphia-Eagles/Wes-Hopkins-Jersey C4-5 within the Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro on Saturday.Anthony Edgar/APhide captiontoggle captionAnthony Edgar/AP”The Paralympic Loved ones is united in grief at this horrendous tragedy which casts a shadow above what are excellent Paralympic Game titles here in Rio,” Philip Craven, the committee’s president, claimed inside of a a sertion. The Iranian flag continues to be lowered to half-staff at the Paralympic Village and a second of silence will probably be held for the Closing Ceremony. The IPC has launched an investigation in the situation with the accident. According to the Guardian, the sports director for cycling’s intercontinental governing administration overall body, Piers Jones, “defended the character from the training course and said total po sibility a se sments had been carried out.”Masoud Ashrafi, the secretary-general of Iran’s Nationwide Paralympic Committee, described Golbarnezhad as being a “family man.” Speaking into the Guardian, he stated “Bahman was among the list of most hard-working active athletes that we have experienced. He had been cycling for 12 years and he was our greatest cyclist…. He beloved his family, he liked his son. “They’re po se sing a extremely, really hard problem on the instant and all I’m able to hope for is his physique is with his relatives and it might be a thing to make them come to feel far better,” Ashrafi included. In accordance for the BBC, Golbarnezhad “competed in Tommy McDonald Jersey situations for athletes with le sen limb impairments or amputations.” Iran’s condition information company said Golbarnezhad misplaced his still left leg through the Iran-Iraq war within the nineteen eighties.

Gulf Of Alaska Cod Are Disappearing. Blame ‘The Blob’

Enlarge this imageFisherman Darius Kasprzak queries for cod in the Gulf of Alaska. The cod populace you can find at its least expensive stage on report.Annie Feidt for NPRhide captiontoggle captionAnnie Feidt for NPRFisherman Darius Kasprzak queries for cod inside the Gulf of Alaska. The cod population there is at its least expensive stage on record.Annie Feidt for NPRA trace of optimism creeps into Darius Kasprzak’s voice as he pilots his boat, the Marona, away from Kodiak harbor on a new calm day.The Salt Warming Waters Drive Fish To Cooler Climes, Out of Some Fishermen’s Get to “We’re each morning, we’re on the get started on the flood tide,” he says. “This is where you need to be.” He is fishing a bay to the northwestern edge of the Gulf of Alaska, about two hundred miles southwest of Anchorage. The chilly waters here are some in the best fish habitat in the world. In a very fantastic 12 months, Kasprzak could catch more than 100,000 lbs . of cod. On the monitor of his echo sounder, he sees a dense cluster of dots on the ocean base. “Let’s fall on it,” he states. “That appears really darn excellent.” He kills the motor, leaps onto the deck and lowers considered one of his fishing strains in to the h2o. And after that … Practically nothing. Enlarge this imageBut the cod decrease may very well be a catastrophe for Kodiak. With boats traveling much more than 1,000 miles absent to find fish, crews usually are not stocking up at shops in town, and boats usually are not spending the community fish tax.Kevin Smith/Getty Images/Perspectiveshide captiontoggle captionKevin Smith/Getty Images/PerspectivesBut the cod decrease might be a disaster for Kodiak. With boats traveling extra than 1,000 miles away to find fish, crews aren’t stocking up at suppliers in city, and boats usually are not paying the regional fish tax.Kevin Smith/Getty Images/PerspectivesFor several years, Alaska fishermen like Kasprzak have nervous that local weather change would threaten their livelihoods. Now it’s. The cod population during the Gulf of Alaska is at its lowest degree on report, as outlined by a specialist on the Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration. The culprit is a warm Josh Bell Jersey -water ma s termed “the blob” that churned within the Pacific Ocean amongst 2013 and 2017. At its peak, the blob stretched from Alaska to South The us. From the Gulf of Alaska, the cod populace plummeted by extra than eighty p.c. Local climate alter didn’t bring about the blob all on its own. But researchers say international warming produced it even worse, pushing substantial ocean temperatures to the extraordinary.Kasprzak states he used to a sume the abundant ocean ecosystem he fishes was unshakable. But he has largely given up on discovering far more cod right here. “We’ve just seen given that even the mighty Gulf of Alaska, how fragile it basically is, when all you have to do is heat it up,” he claims. “You do not even need to heat it up that much, a pair of degrees. It does not acquire that substantially.” Due to the fact early 2017, the temperature on the Gulf of Alaska continues to be close to standard. Now every person in Kodiak is asking: Will the cod come back? Mike Litzow is trying to reply that question. He’s a fisheries biologist who works to the University of Alaska and is also based in Kodiak. Together with his wiry body and thick beard, he seems much more similar to a fisherman than a scientist. https://www.piratesedges.com/pittsburgh-pirates/kent-tekulve-jersey Loading… Litzow does go fishing each individual few months in the spring and summer season for science, looking for younger cod. He stands in shallow water around Kodiak and uses a net identified as a beach front seine to comb up fish hiding in the eelgra s and kelp beds. “There’s an array of facts you may recover from time, the moment you catch the fish,” Litzow states. He isn’t going to discover any cod on this internet. But from the finish on the summer, Litzow hopes to catch adequate very small cod to provide clues on regardle s of whether the populace will recuperate. Litzow doubts it is going to. He thinks the cod decrease may perhaps have already been so steep that other fish may po sibly fill its put during the ecosystem. “When you thrust a populace down genuinely hard, the methods that inhabitants utilized to rely on is usually exploited by other populations,” he claims. Other researchers tend to be more optimistic. But absolutely everyone appears to concur on 1 point: The blob can be a gown rehearsal for your foreseeable future with local climate transform. Maritime warmth waves are anticipated to occur more frequently and, in general, ocean temperatures will rise. Litzow suggests it truly is difficult to determine what form of ripple result which will have. For those who had requested a bunch of https://www.piratesedges.com/pittsburgh-pirates/dave-parker-jersey experts to predict how fish would do in the blob decades from the Gulf of Alaska, “it would just be like drawing names from a hat,” he claims. “It’s not like each of the experts would say cod will be the ones that collapse.” Litzow says fishing communities need to become accustomed to the prospect of extra frequent shocks for the ocean ecosystem. And Kodiak definitely is not the one place that has witne sed them. People changes are not all bad, he suggests. When one particular species declines, many others do properly. Proper now, sablefish are booming within the Gulf of Alaska. Fisheries biologist Mike Litzow (proper) clears kelp within the seine he makes use of to capture youthful cod for the study to aid identify whether the species will bounce back during the Gulf of Alaska.Mitch Bordenhide captiontoggle captionMitch BordenBut the cod decrease can be a catastrophe for fishermen and for Kodiak. Already, cod boats are touring additional than one,000 miles absent to uncover fish. That means crews usually are not stocking up at suppliers in town and boats usually are not paying out the nearby fish tax. Out during the Gulf, Darius Kasprzak has actually been on his boat for additional than four hrs. He sees some puffins, even a whale, but no cod. Inevitably, he presents up and decides to test to catch some dusky rockfish. He lowers his line above a promising location and speedily reels 1 in. “It’s a nice one, much too,” he says as he normally takes the fish from the hook and puts it on ice. The dusky is dinner, but it can be not a living. He has considered trolling for salmon as a substitute, but that could need an expensive new permit and kit, and lots of salmon operates happen to be weak, far too. The blob may be a factor. So Kasprzak is searching at other vocation choices. But he wish to stay in Kodiak for as long as he can. Like that, if the cod do occur back, he’ll be one among the 1st ones out over the drinking water. This report emanates from Alaska’s Power Desk, a public media collaboration focused on power plus the ecosystem. It truly is part of the podcast known as the Major Thaw. The first episode will probably be produced Aug. 9.

改变蒙古历史的一场婚礼 —主题拓展活动

“活动前,简读蒙古历史”(也是成吉思汗成长、发展史)

历史背景:孛儿只斤·铁木真(1162—1227),蒙古帝国可汗,尊号“成吉思汗”,意为“拥有海洋四方的大酋长”。世界史上杰出的政治家、军事家。

1146年,蒙古部首领俺巴孩汗被金熙宗以“惩治叛部法”的名义钉死在木驴上。蒙古部落联盟曾经组织了多次反抗斗争,他们的几代先人为此付出了鲜血与生命。在这种社会环境下出生的铁木真,他一直把这个仇恨记在心里,正是这种几代冤仇导致了草原内外的长期征战,铁木真的母亲诃额仑夫人出身于弘吉剌部,同蔑儿乞人赤列都结亲。1161年秋,蒙古乞颜部首领也速该在斡难河畔打猎,发现了途经蒙古部驻地的诃额仑。他在几位兄弟的协助下,根据当时的“抢亲”传统,打败了蔑儿乞人,抢来了诃额仑夫人,于是诃额仑成为也速该的妻子。

1、到达呼伦贝尔户外拓展基地进行组队,选出正副队长,编制队徽、队歌、口号等。组队后身着民族服装,以蒙古族拔河的形式选择团队部落(蔑儿乞部落、乞颜部落)。

 

 

2、搭建部落营地:各队各自搭建一传统蒙古包,搭建城楼、城墙,制作苏鲁锭(成吉思汗作战兵器)。制作传统马鞭(每人一个,活动后留作纪念)。

3、寻找食物(狩猎):在规定范围内圈放几只蒙古绵羊,各队分别发几根捕羊工具(带相应护具)。成功抓住猎物的队伍获胜。

4、埋锅做饭:利用教练提供的生火工具在指定范围内寻找燃料点燃传统“火敖”煮熟指定的食物,在自搭建的营地内(蒙古包)用午餐。期休息时间可观看传统方式宰杀活羊。

5、射箭比赛:规定时间内,用教练提供的材料制作“箭”。团队用所做箭射向指定目标,成绩优异者获胜。

6、抢亲:由射箭比赛获胜队优先选择送亲方和抢亲方的扮演角色。(1)离家:送亲方选择一名女队员着蒙古族新娘装坐于“勒勒车上”,经过对方队员设定的障碍前往本队营地,并绕蒙古包三周后,向下一目标前进。同时抢亲方所有队员穿过荆棘丛后可向下一目标前进。

 

(2)夺取嫁妆:双方队员每两人一组向指定区域进发,寻找教练提前布设的嫁妆(特权牌)。如送亲方被抢亲方追赶并战败,新娘被抢走,回到起点角色互换。

 

(3)败饮毒酒:本轮开始双方可随时使用手中特权牌。双方以蒙古族歌曲对歌,失败一轮,失败方饮下一杯毒酒,饮下三杯毒酒全队中毒,任务失败。

 

(4)埋伏:送亲方沿途遭受抢亲方设置的陷阱,大家齐心协力想尽办法穿过此段。同时抢亲方全力阻止对方。规定时间送亲方没有通过此段,任务失败。

(5)遭遇战:抢亲方在临近营地时倾尽全力追赶上来,双方以“推圈”形式一决胜负。如送亲方失败,角色互换,如胜利可顺利抵达本队营地。

6. 晚间围绕着熊熊燃烧的篝火,载歌载舞,大口吃着手抓羊肉,大碗喝着草原美酒。庆祝这改变蒙古历史进程的婚礼。

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